[Repost] Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism – January News Updates

11 February 2021

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[Joint statement] Myanmar: Stop the Coup, Let Election Tribunals Do Their Job

3 February 2021

3 February 2021

On 1 February, the armed forces of Myanmar (Tatmadaw), ostensibly acting on allegations of voter fraud in the general elections of 8 November 2020, detained numerous government officials, including State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, President U Win Myint, and Union Election Commission (UEC) Chair U Hla Thein, as well as pro-democracy activists and politicians from the ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) and other parties.

The Tatmadaw subsequently announced that it would seize power, declare a one-year state of emergency, and install Vice-President and retired general U Myint Swe as acting president. It was also announced that new elections would be held after the state of emergency under a new election commission, which was later appointed on the night of 2 February.

The undersigned election or human rights monitoring organizations condemn the military coup in Myanmar and call for the immediate release of all detained politicians, government officials, and activists. The Tatmadaw must restore power to the civilian-led government, and seek redress of election-related complaints through the due process of law established under the 2008 Constitution.

Indeed, Myanmar’s Constitution and election laws provide a mechanism to resolve disputes in the form of election tribunals. The military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), which has repeatedly made claims of vote rigging and irregularities in the recent general elections, has like any other stakeholder the legal right to formally contest election results. It certainly has done so, filing 174 complaints out of the 287 received by the UEC.

Election observers were looking forward to seeing all election-related complaints and potential evidence presented and addressed in tribunal proceedings. According to our information, the UEC was about to proceed with the appointment of election tribunals when the military intervened. Election dispute resolution is an integral part of any electoral process, which rests on the fundamental premise that all sides act in good faith.

Therefore, the Tatmadaw must back down from its coup attempt and instead engage in a peaceful and transparent election dispute resolution process. The road to a fully realized democracy is long and arduous, but it is important that all stakeholders commit to upholding and protecting democratic norms. A repeat of what transpired after the 1990 general elections would mark a stark return to authoritarianism and will not be accepted by the people of Myanmar and the international community.


Signatories:

  1. Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL)
  2. Association for Elections and Democracy (PERLUDEM), Indonesia
  3. Cambodian Human Rights Action Coalition (CHRAC)
  4. Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC)
  5. Cambodian Institute for Democracy (CID)
  6. Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (LICADHO)
  7. Center for Alliance of Labor and Human Rights (CENTRAL), Cambodia
  8. Centre for Monitoring Election Violence (CMEV), Sri Lanka
  9. Centre for Policy Alternatives (CPA), Sri Lanka
  10. Citizen Congress Watch (CCW), Taiwan
  11. Civil Network OPORA, Ukraine
  12. Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Bersih 2.0), Malaysia
  13. Coalition of Cambodian Farmers Community (CCFC)
  14. Committee for Free and Fair Elections in Cambodia (COMFREL)
  15. East and Horn of Africa Election Observers Network (E-HORN)
  16. Elections Observation Group (ELOG), Kenya
  17. ENGAGE, Malaysia
  18. Free and Fair Election Forum (FEFA), Afghanistan
  19. Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN), Pakistan
  20. General Election Observation Committee (GEOC)/Nepal Law Society
  21. Global Network of Domestic Election Monitors (GNDEM)
  22. Hong Kong Election Observation Project (HKEOP)
  23. Independent Democracy of Informal Economy Association (IDEA), Cambodia
  24. Independent Election Monitoring Committee (KIPP), Indonesia
  25. Jaringan Pendidikan Pemilih untuk Rakyat (JPPR), Indonesia
  26. Legal Network for Truthful Elections (LENTE), Philippines
  27. MARUAH (Working Group for ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism, Singapore)
  28. Movement for Free & Fair Elections (MDDE), Sri Lanka
  29. National Citizens’ Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL), Philippines
  30. National Election Observation Committee (NEOC), Nepal
  31. National Election Watch Sierra Leone (NEWSL)
  32. Neutral & Impartial Committee for Free & Fair Elections in Cambodia (NICFEC)
  33. Open Forum for Democracy Foundation (P-NET), Thailand
  34. People Center for Development and Peace (PDP-Center), Cambodia
  35. People’s Action for Free and Fair Elections (PAFFREL), Sri Lanka
  36. Pusat KOMAS, Malaysia
  37. Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM)
  38. Thai Action Committee for Democracy in Burma (TACDB)
  39. Tindak Malaysia
  40. Transparency International Cambodia
  41. Transparency Maldives
  42. Transparent Election Foundation of Afghanistan (TEFA)
  43. We Watch, Thailand
  44. West Africa Election Observers Network (WAEON)
  45. Women for Social Progress (WSP), Mongolia
  46. Youth Resource Development Program (YRDP), Cambodia

[Repost] Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary General – on Myanmar

2 February 2021

The Secretary-General strongly condemns the detention of State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, President U Win Myint and other political leaders on the eve of the opening session of Myanmar’s new Parliament.  He expresses his grave concern regarding the declaration of the transfer of all legislative, executive and judicial powers to the military.  These developments represent a serious blow to democratic reforms in Myanmar.

The 8 November 2020 general elections provide a strong mandate to the National League for Democracy (NLD), reflecting the clear will of the people of Myanmar to continue on the hard-won path of democratic reform.  The Secretary-General urges the military leadership to respect the will of the people of Myanmar and adhere to democratic norms, with any differences to be resolved through peaceful dialogue. All leaders must act in the greater interest of Myanmar’s democratic reform, engaging in meaningful dialogue, refraining from violence and fully respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The Secretary-General reaffirms the unwavering support of the United Nations to the people of Myanmar in their pursuit of democracy, peace, human rights and the rule of law.

Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General

https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/sg/statement/2021-01-31/statement-attributable-the-spokesperson-for-the-secretary-general-myanmar


[Repost] ASEAN Chairman’s Statement on The Developments in The Republic of The Union of Myanmar

2 February 2021
  1. ASEAN Member States have been closely following the current developments in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
  2. We recall the purposes and the principles enshrined in the ASEAN Charter, including, the adherence to the principles of democracy, the rule of law and good governance, respect for and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  3. We reiterate that the political stability in ASEAN Member States is essential to achieving a peaceful, stable and prosperous ASEAN Community.
  4. We encourage the pursuance of dialogue, reconciliation and the return to normalcy in accordance with the will and interests of the people of Myanmar.

https://asean.org/asean-chairmans-statement-developments-republic-union-myanmar/


Open letter from civil society organizations concerning the current tensions and conflicts and the situation of local people affected by war in ceasefire area in Karen State in Southeastern Myanmar

2 February 2021

To

U Win Myint

President

Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi

State Counsellor

Chairperson of the National Reconciliation and Peace Centre

Republic of the Union of Myanmar

20 January 2021

Subject: Open letter from civil society organizations concerning the current tensions and conflicts and the situation of local people affected by war in ceasefire area in Karen State in Southeastern Myanmar

Dear President U Win Myint, and State Counsellor and Chairperson of the National Reconciliation and Peace Centre Daw Aung San Suu Kyi,

In relation to the above mentioned matter, we, the undersigned (172) civil society organizations and networks, are gravely concerned and would like to sincerely request you to immediately take action and resolve the tensions and conflicts between the Myanmar Tatmadaw (Myanmar military) and the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) under the control of the Karen National Union (KNU). The increasing armed engagements between the two armed actors have displaced almost 4,000 people who have been forced to flee their homes and taking shelter in adjacent areas in Hpapun, Thaton and Nyaunglaypin Districts during this challenging time of the COVID-19 pandemic.

In December 2020, we learned that the Myanmar Tatmadaw ignored the provisions contained within the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) and began to expand the presence of its troops in Hpapun District and other areas designated under the KNU’s control, creating tension between the Myanmar Tatmadaw and the KNU, resulting in armed clashes breaking out between the Mae Wei based Myanmar Tatmadaw troops and a battalion of KNLA troops (under KNU control), since 1 December. Over 3,000 civilians have had to flee to avoid the fighting in Hpapun District as the Myanmar Tatmadaw troops shelled in areas where villagers were working for their livelihoods, including inside and outside villages. In addition, on 12 January 2021, the Infantry Battalion 404 of the Myanmar Tatmadaw shelled Mae Cho Village Tract in Hpapun District killing a 35-year-old village chief. Furthermore, on 15 January, an 11-year-old boy was seriously injured as the Light Infantry Battalion 339 of the Myanmar Tatmadaw intentionally continued its artillery shelling of Mae Wei Village in Hpapun District. The boy is now receiving medical treatment. We call on the government to bring justice for those who have suffered casualties and to ensure that such incidents do not take place again.

At present, we have learned that the tensions between the two groups are rising, leading to deterioration of trust. We believe that an end to tensions and fighting between the two sides is difficult, particularly if the Myanmar Tatmadaw continues its military movements in KNU designated areas in contravention of the NCA.

In addition, 790 villagers from four villages in Nyaunglaypin District have had to flee to avoid the ongoing fighting between the KNU troops and the Myanmar Tatmadaw since 28 December 2020, as the Myanmar Tatmadaw entered into KNU designated territories. On 19 January, a 41-year-old man was injured by the artillery shelling of the Light Infantry Battalion 603 of the Myanmar Tatmadaw in Pae Kaw Hkee Village in Kyaukkyi Township. We have learned that villagers are especially concerned that this will lead to the expansion of armed clashes in the region as the Myanmar Tatmadaw have reinforced their troops in KNU controlled areas in Hpapun and Nyaunglaypin Districts since December 2020. We are particularly concerned of the continued displacement of ethnic people at a time when the country is striving for national reconciliation and long-lasting peace in the pursuit of a genuine federal democratic country.

Upon observing the catalyst for such conflict and tensions between the NCA signatories – an ethnic armed organization, the KNU, and the Myanmar Tatmadaw – we have found that the Myanmar Tatmadaw broke the NCA as they have taken positions and expanded deployment, giving different excuses, including in the name of development projects. Therefore, we call on the government, elected by the people, to look towards national reconciliation and genuine sustainable peace, and to immediately implement the calls made by more than 10,000 villagers from 12 villages in Luthaw Township who protested on 30 December 2020, to stop the Myanmar Tatmadaw from invading the KNU controlled territories and expanding its forces in contravention of the NCA’s agreements, among other calls.

In our country, civil war has been raging for more than 70 years and it is still far from the genuine peace that our people aspire to today. Furthermore, we believe that the Myanmar Tatmadaw’s use of state funds to continue using military force across Myanmar, particularly in ethnic areas is inappropriate and leads us further astray from peace.

In the time of conflict, women and children are the most vulnerable to human rights violations, including sexual violence, and their rights to education and healthcare can be impacted. As Myanmar is a signatory to the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Myanmar is obligated to protect the rights of women and children in line with these conventions.

Finally, it is our belief that the armed conflicts in ethnic areas in Myanmar and its root causes are political in nature and must be solved by political means. To solve this political issue via political means, we, the undersigned civil society organizations, would like to respectfully call on the President and State Counsellor to develop political opportunities and means of solution, as well as to withdraw and stop the expanding deployment and occupation of the Myanmar Tatmadaw in ethnic areas.

Respectfully,

Signed by:

  1. ဒို့မြေကွန်ရက်
  2. စစ်တောင်းသံစဉ်လူမှုကွန်ယက်
  3. မေတ္တာရှေ့ဆောင်လူမှုအဖွဲ့ (သံတောင်ကြီ:)
  4. သင့်မြတ်လိုသူများ ငြိမ်းချမ်းရေးပရဟိတအဖွဲ့
  5. အားသစ်ရောင်ခြည်အဖွဲ့
  6. ရွှေပန်းပျိုးလက် (ကလေးသူငယ်များယဉ်ကျေးလိမ္မာရေးနှင့် အကြမ်းဖက်မှုပပျောက်ရေးအဖွဲ့)
  7. လူမှုရေးရာသုတေသနအဖွဲ့
  8. ကျေးဇူးတော်နှလုံးသားဖောင်ဒေးရှင်း
  9. ဂီတရပ်ဝန်း
  10. အစ္စလာမ့်တံခွန်လူမှုကူညီရေးအဖွဲ့
  11. ရှစ်လေးလုံးမျိုးဆက်သစ် (မိုးညှင်း)
  12. သံဖြူဇရပ်မြို့နယ်လုံးဆိုင်ရာမွန်လူငယ်အဖွဲ့အစည်း
  13. ရွှေခြင်္သေ့တောင်သူကွန်ယက်
  14. ကမ်းခြေအလှဖွံ့ဖြိုးတိုးတက်ရေးကွန်ယက်
  15. ကမ်းခြေအားမာန် ရေလုပ်သားငယ်များဖွံ့ဖြိုးတိုးတက်ရေးအဖွဲ့
  16. ပန်းတိုင်ရှင် အမျိုးသမီးဖွံ့ဖြိုးတိုးတက်ရေးအဖွဲ့
  17. ရောင်နီဦးလူမှုဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးအဖွဲ့
  18. စာဖြူလယ်သမားဦး‌ဆောင်အဖွဲ့
  19. အနာဂတ်အလင်းသစ်လူငယ်ဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးအဖွဲ့
  20. ပုံရိပ်စစ် လူမှုဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးအဖွဲ့
  21. ပွင့်ဖြူဖွံ့ဖြိုးတိုးတက်ရေးအဖွဲ့
  22. မင်းဘူးတောင်သူအစုအဖွဲ့
  23. မင်းလှတောင်သူအစုအဖွဲ့
  24. ဂန့်ဂေါဖွံ့ဖြိုးတိုးတက်ရေးအဖွဲ့
  25. ပုံတောင်ပုံညာတွဲလက်များ
  26. ငြိမ်းချမ်းရေးကွန်ယက်
  27. လွတ်လပ်သောအရှိုချင်းအမျိုးသားများအင်အားစု
  28. ဝံလက်ဖောင်ဒေးရှင်း
  29. မြန်မာနိုင်ငံမသန်စွမ်းသူများရှေ့ဆောင်အဖွဲ့
  30. ဗေဓါ လူမှုဖွံဖြိုးရေးအဖွဲ့
  31. တွံတေးကွန်ရက်
  32. မျိုးဆက်သစ် (ရှမ်းပြည်)
  33. အလင်းသစ် ကျေးလက်ဒေသဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးအဖွဲ့
  34. အားမာန်သစ် ကျေးလက်ဒေသဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးအဖွဲ့
  35. 3 Dimension Community Development Group
  36. Accountable Actions for Arakan
  37. Action Committee for Democracy Development
  38. Action Group for Farmer Affair
  39. Active Women Development Initiative
  40. AISANA
  41. Ann New Generation
  42. Ann Women Generation Network
  43. Arakan CSO Network
  44. Arakan Students’ Union
  45. Assistance Association for Political Prisoners
  46. Association of Human Rights Defenders and Promoters
  47. Athan – Freedom of Expression Activist Organization
  48. Ayayarwaddy Youth Network
  49. Ayeyarwaddy Transparency and Accountability Association
  50. Ayeyarwaddy West Development Organization (Ngaphae)
  51. BEE House
  52. Bilin CSO Network
  53. Burma Monitor
  54. Burmese Women’s Union
  55. CAN-Myanmar
  56. Center for Social Integrity
  57. Charity Youth Organization
  58. Child Protection Network
  59. Chin Human Rights Organization
  60. Chin MATA Working Group
  61. Citizens Action for Transparency
  62. Colorful Girls Organization
  63. Community Response Group (ComReG)
  64. Crown School of Capacity Building and Leadership
  65. CSO Thaton
  66. Democracy, Peace and Women’s Organization
  67. Democratic Education Corner
  68. Equality Myanmar
  69. Farmers and Land Workers Union (Myanmar)
  70. Farmers Development and Environmental Watch Group
  71. Freedom and Labor Action Group
  72. Future Light Center
  73. Future Young Pioneer Organization
  74. Gaia Organization
  75. Gender Equality Network
  76. Generation Wave
  77. Genuine People’s Servants
  78. Golden Future Social Development Organization
  79. Gracious Heart Foundation
  80. Green Rights Organization
  81. Halcyon
  82. Harmony Youth Association
  83. Htoi Gender and Development Foundation
  84. Htum Thit Sa Rural Development Organization
  85. Human Rights Educators Network
  86. Human Rights Foundation of Monland
  87. Humanity Institute
  88. IFI Watch Myanmar
  89. iSchool Myanmar
  90. Justice Movement for Community (Innlay)
  91. Kachin National Youth Network
  92. Kachin Women’s Association Thailand
  93. Karen Affairs Committee
  94. Karen Environmental and Social Action Network
  95. Karen Human Rights Group
  96. Karen Institute of Strategic Studies
  97. Karen Organization for Relief and Development
  98. Karen Peace Support Network
  99. Karen Refugee Committee
  100. Karen Rivers Watch
  101. Karen Student Network Group
  102. Karen Teachers Working Group
  103. Karen Women’s Organization
  104. Karen Youth – Rangoon
  105. Karen Youth Network
  106. Karenni Human Rights Group
  107. Karenni State Farmer Union
  108. Kayah Earthrights Action Network
  109. Keng Tung Land Group
  110. Kyaukkyi Development Watch
  111. Kyaukpyu Rural Development Association
  112. Let’s Help Each Other
  113. Light Social Development Organization
  114. Lighthouse Social Development Organization
  115. Literature Garden Organization
  116. Maramagri Youth Network
  117. Maye Bon Youth Association
  118. Metta Development Foundation
  119. Min Bra Youth Association
  120. Mrauk-U Youths Association
  121. Mro Youth Association
  122. Myanmar Cultural Research Society
  123. Myanmar People Alliance (Shan State)
  124. National Indigenous Women Resource Center
  125. National Network for Education Reform
  126. Nyan Lynn Thit Analytica
  127. Olive Organization
  128. Open Development Foundation
  129. Oway Institute
  130. Pa-O Women’s Union
  131. Pa-O Youth Organization
  132. Pauktaw Public Center
  133. Paung Ku
  134. Paungsee Myittar Organization
  135. Peace Working Committee
  136. Progressive Voice
  137. Rakhine Youth New Generation – Network
  138. Rambree Youth Network
  139. Rathedaung Youth Network
  140. Regional Development Organization
  141. Reliable Organization
  142. Saytanashaesoung CSO
  143. Shan MATA
  144. Shan State Peace Task Force
  145. Shan Women Development Network
  146. Southern Youth Development Organization
  147. Swamsutyi CSO
  148. Synergy – Social Harmony Organization
  149. Ta’ang Legal Aid
  150. Ta’ang Women’s Organization
  151. Takapaw Group
  152. Taungoke Youth Network
  153. Thandar Rontwee Youth Network
  154. The Seagull:Human Rights, Peace & Development
  155. Thet Youth Organization
  156. True Friends
  157. Union of Karenni State Youth
  158. Waingmaw CSOs Network
  159. Women Empowerment and Development Organization (WE DO)
  160. Women Generation
  161. Women’s League of Burma
  • Burmese Women’s Union
  • Kachin Women’s Association Thailand
  • Karen Women’s Organization
  • Karenni National Women’s Organization
  • Kayan Women’s Organization
  • Kuki Women’s Human Rights Organization
  • Lahu Women’s Organization
  • Pa-O Women’s Union
  • Shan Women’s Action Network
  • Ta’ang Women’s Organization
  • Tavoy Women’s Union
  • Women’s for Justice

162. Women’s Organizations Network

163. Yangon Watch

164. Zinlum Committee (Tanphaye)

165. Zomi Students and Youth Organization

166. Summer Shelter Library

167. Kanbawza youth library

168. Enlightened Myanmar Research Foundation

169. Kayah Baptist Association – Christian Social Service and Development Department

170. Women for Women Foundation

171. YOUNITY

172. Kawyaw National Youth Organization


[Repost] Southeast Asian Parliamentarians for Freedom of Religion or Belief – Newsletter | July – December 2020

10 December 2020

MPs call for ASEAN’s joint action on freedom of religion or belief in Southeast Asia

On 2 December, parliamentarians from Indonesia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand came together to discuss ways to increase collaboration to advance freedom of religion or belief in Southeast Asia. The parliamentarians are part of the Southeast Asia Parliamentarians for Freedom of Religion or Belief (SEAPFoRB), a working group of parliamentarians committed to improving freedom of religion or belief in the region. 

Among the many issues, parliamentarians discussed the rise of religious intolerance, hate speech and violent extremism, the discrimination and persecution of religious minorities, increased ethnoreligious nationalism, and the politicization of religion. Some challenges have worsened during the COVID-19, particularly scapegoating and hate speech against religious minorities, and increased restrictions on religious worship under the pretext of social distancing, SEAPFoRB members said. 

The SEAPFoRB virtual meeting 2020 was hosted by the ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights (APHR) and the International Panel of Parliamentarians for Freedom of Religion or Belief (IPPFoRB) 

Read the statement here.

For the rest of the newsletter, please click here.