[Espacio Público] Organizations in the region demand the Venezuelan Government’s compliance with their human rights obligations amid the humanitarian and sanitary emergency in the country

5 August 2020

4 August 2020

Human rights organizations that sign on to  this statement condemn the escalation in reprisals and persecution of the Venezuelan people for the exercise of their fundamental human rights. An unprecedented  Venezuelan humanitarian emergency has been severely aggravated by the sanitary crisis generated by the  COVID-19 virus. The signatory organizations urge  the Venezuelan Government to respect and guarantee the exercise of human rights without discrimination.

A joint declaration of United Nations experts and Special Rapporteurs published on the 29th of June details the current  living conditions of the Venezuelan people. According to the “Living Conditions Survey” of 2019/2020, 79.3% of Venezuelan homes cannot afford basic food supplies, 96% of Venezuelan families are classified as poor and 79% can be classified as living in extreme poverty. In addition,  21% of children under the age of 5 are at grave risk of malnutrition. During the COVID-19 pandemic unemployment rates have increased by 6.9%. and 43% of Venezuelan families have been unable to work and have registered losses in their income.

Another UN joint declaration, published on the 28th of June gives a thorough account of the repressive context during the first third of the year, in which at least 51 attacks against human rights defenders and organizations have been documented. The illegitimate «National Constituent Assembly» is also trying to pass a law that would prohibit and limit international funding of civil society organizations, which would increase the operational limitations of organizations to submit documentation or update their status before administrative institutions.

There has also been an increase in surveillance, hacking and the blocking of web pages of human rights organizations. The use of sophisticated methods, such as the creation of fake reports that lead to  web providers’ closing their web pages and blocking access to their information  has also increased.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights released a report on July 3rd,  2020 indicating that between March and June of 2020 there has been an arbitrary use of the “State of Alarm” in Venezuela. The military, security forces and the judicial power have carried out arbitrary detentions, brief forced disappearances, and initiated judicial processes against activists, journalists, health personnel and human rights defenders. The report reveals a pattern of human rights violations  against  people who have supposedly participated in “destabilization actions against the government”.

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) released a press release on July 15,expressing concern regarding the continuing hostility and a discourse of criminalization  against human rights activists in the context generated by the pandemic. “The IACHR reiterated its call to the Venezuelan State to adopt measures to combat stigmatization campaigns targeted at  those who defend human rights in the country as it had signaled before in its Press Release No. 40/19.”

The undermining of civic space and democracy in Venezuela is evident in systematic violations of human rights, generally committed within the framework of security operations, including the repression of protests and media coverage, or political persecution against the dissemination of opinions and/or the work of human rights defenders seeking to confront the authorities’ abuses during the pandemic. The response of the Venezuelan government continues to be focused on the repression and censorship of its citizens, which, in addition to affecting civic space, compounds the effects on other human rights, including citizens’ economic, social and environmental rights.

Most of the cases that have been documented by Venezuelan organizations report the use of the “internal enemy” thesis. The concentration of all powers in the Executive branch is used to punish the “opposition” or people perceived as such, which in turn creates an inhibitory  effect that silences all possible opinions or protests against the current crisis.

These violations are bound to be exacerbated due to the absence of judicial independence and impartiality. As the UN High Commissioner   indicated in her July 15th report on access to justice: “The information at hand suggests that the Judges of the TSJ (Supreme Court) have control of the judgments issued by lower courts throughout the country, especially in the criminal jurisdiction. The lack of job stability for criminal prosecutors also affects their impartiality. Almost all of them are provisional and may be removed at the discretion of the the Attorney General. The Attorney General was elected by the Constitutive National Assembly” using a process that does not respect constitutional requirements.”

The human rights organizations that sign on to this statement urge the Venezuelan  government to respect and guarantee the exercise of fundamental rights of Venezuelan citizens, which are of even greater importance during the pandemic. In addition, the Venezuelan government should facilitate dialogue with and democratic participation of civil society for the sake of generating structural and human rights-friendly solutions to this crisis. In this sense, we request the following:

1. Compliance with  the recommendations included  in the reports of the UN High Commissioner for  Human Rights  and the Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights’  reports, hearings and precautionary measures. .

2. Cooperation with and  application of the recommendations given by the Treaty Bodies and Special Procedures of the United Nations.

3. The reestablishment of the rule of law and democracy through t Venezuela’s constitutional channels to overcome the crisis in a peaceful way.

References

https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25229

https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25212

https://www.civilisac.org/civilis/wp-content/uploads/Informe-sobre-Patrones-de-Violaci%C3%B3n-de-DDHH-Completo-01.pdf

http://www.oas.org/es/cidh/prensa/comunicados/2020/165.asp

https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session44/Documents/A_HRC_44_54_UnofficialSpanishTranslation.pdf

Signatory organisations:

Associação Brasileira de Jornalismo Investigativo (Abraji) – Brasil

Alerta Venezuela 

CIVICUS – Global

Derechos Digitales – América Latina

Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human rights and the Rule of Law – Kazakhstan

MARUAH – Singapore

Partnership for Integrated Protection (PPI) – Congo

Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights – EEUU

R3D: Red en Defensa de los Derechos Digitales – México

ROLBG Human Rights – Gabon

Usuarios Digitales – Ecuador

Venezuela Inteligente – Venezuela 

Alianza Regional por la Libre Expresión e Información – América Latina

Members:

Asociación Nacional de la Prensa de Bolivia – Bolivia

Observatorio Cubano de Derechos Humanos – Cuba

Fundación Violeta B de Chamorro – Nicaragua

Instituto de Derecho y Economía Ambiental – Paraguay

Fundación Ciudadanía y Desarrollo – Ecuador

Fundación Salvadoreña por el Desarrollo Económico y Social – El Salvador

Transparencia por Colombia – Colombia

Fundación Democracia sin Fronteras (FDsF) – Honduras

Centro de Archivos y Acceso a la Información Pública (CAinfo) – Uruguay

ARTICLE 19 – Brasil

Fundar – México

Acción Ciudadana (AC) – Guatemala

Comité por la Libre Expresión (C-Libre) – Honduras

Participación Ciudadana – República Dominicana

Transparencia Venezuela


[Repost] UPR Info: Free Webinar on Civil Society Submissions to the Universal Periodic Review

30 July 2020

* New timing: English session to be held on Tuesday, 4th August 2020 at 9:00 am CET / 3.00pm (SG time)

This webinar will equip human rights advocates with the tools and information necessary to engage with the UPR, a unique mechanism of the United Nations Human Rights Council aimed at improving the human rights situation in UN Member States. To participate in the event, please register here. 

Civil society is encouraged to submit their own assessment of the human rights record of the States under Review to the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR) around 6–8 months before the review itself. The OHCHR will compile all of the civil society reports received into a single summary report. If your organization submits a well-documented and structured report, your key priorities will most likely be included in OHCHR summary report.

All human rights advocates are welcome to participate. 

In light of the deadline for the submission of the Stakeholders reports for the States that will be reviewed at the 38th session (15th October 2020), we particularly encourage the attendance of civil society organizations, human rights defenders and NHRIs from Namibia, Niger, Mozambique, Estonia, Paraguay, Belgium, Denmark, Palau, Somalia, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Latvia, Sierra Leone and Singapore.

Kindly note that the webinar will take place in English, French and Spanish according to the following schedule:

English:  Tuesday, 4th August 2020 at 9:00 am CET / 3.00pm (SG time)
French:  Thursday, 6th August 2020 at 11:00 am CET
Spanish:  Wednesday, 19th August 2020 at 14:00 pm CET

Don’t forget to share our flyer with your CSO network! 

For further information, visit our website or contact us at:  stakeholders@upr-info.org

We look forward to welcoming you to the event.

With best wishes,

UPR Info Team


International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women – 25 November 2019

25 November 2019

Some other resources on this issue:

http://interactive.unwomen.org/multimedia/infostory/justicenow/en/index.html

https://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2019/11/compilation-ways-you-can-stand-against-rape-culture

https://trello.com/b/PpTdZvU4/16-days-of-activism (comprehensive social media pack)


International Day of Peace – September 21st

24 September 2019

MARUAH is raising awareness on key issues of specific key days to mark UN’s International Days.

A part-time executive working with us on this advocacy campaign is the creative force behind these messages.

Join Us: Read. Reflect. Respect