Universal Periodic Review

The Third Cycle – Stakeholders’ Report to the UN

In October 2020, MARUAH submitted its Stakeholder’s Report for the third cycle of the Universal Periodic Review focusing on civil and political rights – Freedom of Expression, Freedom of Association, Censorship, Electoral System, Justice (incl minimum working age, corporal punishment, juvenile justice system & death penalty) and Discrimination (incl LGBTQIA, equality of races, women and income inequalities/job opportunities).

We also submitted recommendations in each section based on the SMART framework and draw upon the recommendations made by Human Rights Council to Singapore, our mid-term UPR report (2018), and the past UPRs we have submitted in 2011 and 2015.

Please click here to access the full report.

Universal Periodic Review (UPR) – submission of mid-term report

In Aug 2018, MARUAH submitted a collective mid-term report to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
UPR Mid-term Report

Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 2nd cycle

Singapore’s human rights record will be reviewed at the UPR session on 27 Jan 2016. Do visit the link below for documentation, including reports submitted, and questions asked.


MARUAH’s submissions can be found in the “Summary of stakeholders’ information” file, under JS6, JS7, and MARUAH respectively.

2015 documents

MARUAH submission

Coalition of Singapore NGOs submission

2011 documents

WhatsApp Image 2018-04-22 at 11.11.47 AM

MARUAH represented by President Ms Braema Mathi, at the CSO Reporting session, at the Human Rights Council. MARUAH conducted training for CSOs in Singapore and facilitated a joint shadow report whilst also submitting its own shadow report to highlight restrictions in civil liberties.

Updated on 12th May 2011
MARUAH’s Initial Response to Singapore’s 1st Universal Periodic Review

Highlights of Singapore’s UPR session on 6 May

Ministry of Foreign Affairs press statement

Opening Statement by Ambassador Ong Keng Yong

UN webpage on Singapore’s UPR process

Videos of the session can be found below


Universal Periodic Review
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years. The UPR is a significant innovation of the Human Rights Council which is based on equal treatment for all countries. It provides an opportunity for all States to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to overcome challenges to the enjoyment of human rights. The UPR also includes a sharing of best human rights practices around the globe. Currently, no other mechanism of this kind exists.
(Source: Basic facts about the UPR)

More info on the UPR process can be found on the UN website on UPR.

Singapore’s human rights record will be reviewed at the 11th session (2-13 May 2011). The webpage containing documents, questions submitted, and relevant video links can be found at the link below.


The UPR reviews are conducted by the UPR Working Group which consists of the 47 members of the Council; however any UN Member State can take part in the discussion/dialogue with the reviewed States. Each State review is assisted by groups of three States, known as “troikas”, who serve as rapporteurs.

The troikas for Singapore’s review are Spain, Bahrain, and Djibouti.

The documents on which the reviews are based are:
1) information provided by the State under review, which can take the form of a “national report”;
2) information contained in the reports of independent human rights experts and groups, known as the Special Procedures, human rights treaty bodies, and other UN entities;
3) information from other stakeholders including non-governmental organizations and national human rights institutions.

Various civil society organisations in Singapore have submitted their reports. A collection of the reports can be found below.

Coalition of Singapore NGOs (COSINGO)


Challenged People’s Alliance and Network and Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Federation (Singapore) joint submission

People Like Us

Singapore Institute of International Affairs

Singaporeans For Democracy

Solidarity for Migrant Workers (HOME, Migrant Voices, and TWC2)

Think Centre

Think Centre joint submission


Singapore’s state report can be found at the link below.
UPR – Singapore – State report (PDF).

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